Emperor Qin Shi Huangdi of China (259 BC – 210 BC) wanted to live forever, so he built a huge burial mound to protect his body in the afterlife.Born in 259 B.C., first son to the king of Qin, one of six independent kingdoms inside modern China. These kingdoms had been warring for more than 200 years, but through a combination of military strength, strategy and natural disasters, Qin Shi Huang conquered them all, proclaiming himself not just a king, but also an emperor — the first of China.
The Terracotta Army was created by China’s first emperor, Qin Shi Huang, who began the construction of the army in 246 BC after he (then aged 13) ascended the throne.
Thousands of years later, the soldiers are still standing and showcase an extraordinary level of craftsmanship and artistry from 2,200 years ago.
1) In 1974, a group of farmers digging wells near Xi’an, China stumbled upon one of the most shocking archaeological discoveries of all time. For almost four decades, archaeologists have been excavating the site. So far, they’ve uncovered at least 8,000 CLAY SOLDIER guard the tomb, as well as 130 CHARIOTS and 670 HORSES.
2) The burial mound is believed to contain booby traps to protect his body, which is also surrounded by rivers of liquid mercury which the ancient Chinese believed could bestow immortality.
3) Every Soldier’s face was designed separately so no two warriors look the same. The life-size terracotta solider they dug out of the ground turned out to be just one of an army of thousands, each utterly unique, with individual clothing, hair and facial features. The statues are 175–190 cm tall. Every one differs in gestures and facial expressions, some even with color showing. It reveals much about the Qin Empire’s technology, military, arts, culture, and military.
4) Qin Shi Huangdi, searched obsessively for the secret of eternal life. And perhaps he found it; although he died aged only 50, the extraordinary legacy of his burial chambers lives on.
Ancient writings say the emperor created an entire underground kingdom and palace, complete with a ceiling mimicking the night sky, set with pearls as stars. Pits full of terracotta concubines have never been discovered, though experts predict they exist somewhere in the complex.