The Indian Film Industry is the largest film industry in the world. Out of the various film industries in the country Bollywood alone (Mumbai based film industry) is known to produce more than 800 to 1000 films a year.
What many people do not know is that Bollywood was born in 1899 with the production of a short film which is 11 years before Hollywood’s birth later in 1910 with a Biography melodrama. Bollywood has a worldwide audience of 3 Billion and in terms of viewer ship, it overtook Hollywood in 2004 and has been leading ever since.
Here are some more interesting Facts about Indian Cinema and its Films:
1) First silent film
Raja Harishchandra is a 1913 Indian silent film, directed and produced by Dadasaheb Phalke, and is the first full-length Indian feature film. The film was based on the legend of Raja Harishchandra, recounted in the Ramayana and Mahabharata.
2) First colour film
Kisan Kanya was a 1937 Hindi Cinecolor feature film which was directed by Moti B. Gidwani and produced by Ardeshir Irani of Imperial Pictures. It is largely remembered by the Indian public on account of it being India’s first indigenously made colour film.
3) First play back song
His 1935 film Bhagya Chakra was the first Indian film to use playback singing. The singers were K C Dey, Parul Ghosh and Suprabha Sarkar. The movie was remade in Hindi with the title Dhoop Chhaon, which was the first Hindi film to use playback singing.
4) First Indian film to be shot with artificial lights
P.C.Barua, a renowned name in the Indian cinema, first used artificial lights while shooting the movie Apradhi in the year 1931 under the direction of Debaki Bose. He actually studied the production procedure of the London Studio and inspired by the same, he bought all the lighting equipment and filmed the movie by using the same.
5) First dream sequence
In the year 1951, in one of the famous classic Indian films known as Awaara by Raj Kapoor, the first ever dream sequence song ‘Ghar Aaya Mera Pardesi’ was shot. For those times, the song was pretty unreal!
6) First Indian film with a flashback
The movie Roop Lekha directed by P.C.Barua in the year 1934 was the first Indian film to have used flashback for cinema speaking. Many movies followed the path later on and today, flashbacks are just a general matter in the films!
7) First Indian Film with an Onscreen Kiss
On-screen kisses are no more uncommon in movies now and almost every movie has at least one kiss scene between actors. Well, it is hard to envisage the shocking reaction of the society when the first onscreen kiss was shown in the second Malayalam feature film Marthanda Varma between the main actors in the year 1933! However, in the same year, later on, the Hindi movie Karma also followed the same step when Devika Rani and Himanshu Rai screened a four-minute long kiss in the movie!
7) First Indian Film to Achieve A-certificate
After the modification of the original Indian Cinematograph Act(1918) in December 1949, Haanste Aansoo was the first Indian film featuring Madhubala and Motilal as the main actors that got an “only for adults” certification in 1950.
8) First Indian Film to be Banned
Many films are banned from screening due to various reasons. However, the first Indian film to get a ban was Bhakta Vidur that was directed by Kanjibhai Rathod in the year 1921. This was a movie that came against the Rowlatt Act aimed at putting limits on Indian imports and hence was banned in Madras and Karachi in united India.
9) First Indian film to Win the international Award
Eminent director Debaki Bose’s movie Seeta was the first India talkie to be screened at the Venice Film festival in the year 1934. Featuring Durga Khote and Prithviraj Kapoor, this movie went on to win an Honorary Diploma, thereby etching a permanent name as the Indian first movie to get an international award.
10) First Indian Film without Songs
Songs are an integral part of Indian cinema. However, walking in a different way, J.B.H.Wadia’s movie Naujawan released in the year 1937 was the first talkie movie that had no songs, as it was a nail-biting thriller movie!
Here we end our Part I series.